Publications

Journal Articles

Are We in the 4th Wave of Economic Development?
Opportunity, Necessity, and No One in the Middle: A Closer Look at Small, Rural, and Female-Led Entrepreneurship in the United States
Effect of Farm Structure on Rural Community Well-Being
Rural Broadband Speeds and Business Startup Rates
Entrepreneurship, Broadband, and Gender: Evidence from Establishment Births in Rural America
Do Tax and Expenditure Limitations Exacerbate Rising Income Inequality?

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Internal Publications

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WIndicators Volume 5, Number 1: The Rise Of Entrepreneurship During the Pandemic

OVERVIEW Entrepreneurial activity increased sharply in Wisconsin in 2020 and 2021 during the COVID-19 pandemic. Entrepreneurship is a key part of any healthy economy but ensuring that new business activity leads to significant economic impact by creating high quality jobs can be difficult. Communities can take a lead role in a range of strategies that […]

WIndicators Volume 4, Number 3: Seasonal and Recreational Housing Units in Wisconsin

OVERVIEW The development of seasonal and recreational housing units in Wisconsin reflects the economic transitions of many counties that were formerly dependent on natural resource extraction to a current reliance on services, hospitality, and recreation. With these transformations also come regional opportunities and challenges related to the growth of seasonal and recreational housing. KEY POINTS […]

Strengths, Weaknesses, and Potentials of Pedestrian Malls (Issue 196, February 2022)

(Image Source: Glenn Asakawa/Denver Post via Getty Images )   Since its inception, members of the American Downtown Revitalization Review’s (ADRR) Board have engaged in a near-continuous e-mail dialogue about a wide range of issues, trends and opportunities that do not, in our opinions, always receive the attention they need and deserve in other media […]

WIndicators Volume 4, Number 2: Nonemployer Businesses & Diversity

Nonemployer establishments, sole proprietorships and partnerships without any paid employees, are an important part of the country’s economy. As of 2018, they made up a large and quickly growing share of businesses in the United States at 77% of the total while the other 23% of establishments were employer businesses [1]. Given that nonemployer establishments […]

Shaping Downtown After COVID-19 (Issue 194, June 2021)

This topic in Downtown Economics summarizes key points or “takeaways” from the recent webinar titled Shaping Downtown after COVID 19. The well-attended webinar highlighted examples of successful initiatives in four cities: Ithaca, New York, and Appleton, Eau Claire, and La Crosse Wisconsin. The following takeaways are presented without significant editing.  You may watch the entire […]

WIndicators Volume 4, Number 1: Taxes and Economic Growth & Development

When one thinks about the term “business climate”, factors such as taxes, regulations, and unionization come to mind. These items tend to be viewed as potential costs that businesses face when making investment decisions. Anything that is viewed as increasing the costs of business operations is considered bad for the business climate of a community […]

Broadband and the Wisconsin Economy

In this study we explore issues related to broadband coverage and importance of coverage to community well-being. Several key conclusions include: Broadband access is closely related to population density and income levels, meaning the most rural and the lowest-income regions generally have the least access. For example, in urban Wisconsin, more than 95% of households […]

Latinx Immigration, Entrepreneurship, and Downtown Development (Issue 193, January 2021)

Small towns and rural communities across Wisconsin have markedly different experiences when it comes to their downtowns and main streets. Over the last decade, some Wisconsin communities have seen their downtown district become a lifeline to a rural renewal, while others have experienced decline defined by an exodus of businesses and disinvestment from the core […]

WIndicators Volume 3, Number 5: Are the Kids Alright? Women, Work, & Childcare

Childcare was a challenge for parents before the pandemic and has only become more difficult in recent months. During the pandemic, as much as 60% of childcare providers closed and stopped providing childcare (Bipartisan Policy Center, 2020). While many of those closures were temporary, a recent state-level study estimates that, in absence of additional aid, […]

WIndicators Volume 3, Number 4: Impact of COVID-19 on the Wisconsin Economy

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted Wisconsin’s economy. When the country reported the first case on January 20th, 2020, there was uncertainty as to how fast and far the virus would spread. On March 11th, the World Health Organization declared a pandemic and on March 16th all Wisconsin public schools were ordered to close while […]

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